BUS 311 Week 5 Quiz Chapter 034

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BUS 311 Week 5 Quiz Chapter 034

  1. In the United States, environmental regulation is a distinct area of the law, and firms strive to comply with myriad statutes, regulations, and ordinances that cover the relationship between businesses and the environment.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 1

True False

  1. In an effort to ensure that the federal government itself does not contribute to the destruction of the environment, Congress passed the Clear Air Act of 1970.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 2

True False

  1. In 1970, Congress created the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which has the responsibility of regulating business activities as these relate to the environment.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 3

True False

  1. Pollution caused by automobiles, trains, airplanes, and so forth is called stationary pollution.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 4

True False

  1. The minimum standards set for water purity by the Clean Water Act of 1972 do not include "fishable and swimmable" water.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 4

True False

  1. Superfund regulates the dumping of waste onto land.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 4

True False

  1. Businesses that create pollution frequently cause injury to people or damage to their property, and these businesses may be found liable by a court for the tort of negligence.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 5

True False

  1. Trespass is the unauthorized entry onto another person's property.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 5

True False

  1. Exposure to loud noise for extended periods of time cannot affect an individual's ability to hear.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 6

True False

  1. The continued use of a pesticide does not cause insects to become immune to the chemical compounds, and as a result the pesticide becomes effective.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 6

True False

  1. Although there are no federal laws currently addressing e-waste, several states have passed statutes and the EPA has drafted rules relating to recycling cathode ray tubes.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 6

True False

  1. The United States has extraordinary forests and wetlands that have great aesthetic and economic value.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 6

True False

  1. Sulfur emissions cause pollutants to be discharged into the atmosphere and result in the greenhouse effect.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 6

True False

  1. There has been a growing recognition that economic interests are causing the gradual destruction of the rain forests.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 7

True False

  1. The EPA is charged with the responsibility of selecting appropriate sites and types of waste that may be discarded into the oceans by U.S. organizations.

BT: Knowledge

PO: 8

True False

  1. Early federal statutes dealing with environmental issues concerned themselves primarily with conservation of forests and:

A. natives.

B. ethics.

C. culture.

D. wildlife.

  1. What is problematic for policymakers is balancing the importance of allowing businesses to produce at optimal levels while, at the same time, maintaining a watchful eye over the:

A. environment.

B. members.

C. government.

D. citizens.

  1. In an effort to ensure that the federal government itself does not contribute to the destruction of the environment, Congress passed the:

A. Clean Air Act.

B. Environmental Protection Agency Act.

C. National Environmental Policy Act.

D. Clean Water Act.

  1. The National Environmental Policy Act of 1970 (NEPA) requires that any project with significant federal involvement must have an approved:

A. authorized statement of law.

B. environmental impact statement.

C. clean water protection statement.

D. primary standards statement.

  1. In 1970, Congress created the ___ , which has the responsibility of regulating business activities as these relate to the environment.

A. Environmental Protection Agency

B. Environmental Impact Statement

C. Comprehensive Environmental Response

D. Superfund

  1. Important federal legislation aimed at protecting the environment includes the Clean Air Act; the Clean Water Act; and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, also known as:

A. Environmental Protection Act.

B. Environmental Impact Statement.

C. Primary Standard Statement.

D. Superfund.

  1. Pursuant to the Clean Air Act, all states are required to develop air quality standards that are at least as rigorous as the federal standards. Such standards include:

A. superfund.

B. environmental impact statement.

C. stationary pollution.

D. environmental laws.

  1. The Clean Water Act of 1972 set minimum standards for water purity in a manner similar to the Clean Air Act. Included in such standards is:

A. "fishable and drinkable."

B. "fishable and swimmable."

C. "drinkable and swimmable."

D. "drinkable and boatable."

  1. ___ regulates the dumping of waste onto land.

A. Clean Water Act

B. Superfund

C. Environmental Protection Agency

D. Clear Air Act

  1. Superfund created a "Hazardous Substance Trust Fund" to help allay costs in addressing environmentally scarred:

A. land.

B. pelicans.

C. vegetation.

D. reservoir.

  1. Negligence is a tort that allows a plaintiff to bring a lawsuit against a defendant under state law for causing personal injury or:

A. homicide.

B. mental illness.

C. property damage.

D. public injury.

  1. When the nuisance impacts public property, such as a navigable river or a state park, it is a(n):

A. assault.

B. trespass.

C. private nuisance.

D. public nuisance.

  1. Businesses that cause pollution are, in effect, sending pollutants onto another person's land or water. This is a:

A. private assault.

B. private nuisance.

C. particle trespass.

D. public nuisance.

  1. The continued use of (a) _____ often causes insects to become immune to the chemical compounds.

A. pesticide

B. minerals

C. polluted water

D. nitrogen

  1. Numerous municipalities require that businesses and homeowners recycle the following, EXCEPT:

A. paper.

B. wood.

C. plastic.

D. glass.

  1. There are no federal laws currently addressing e-waste, but several states have passed statutes and the _____ has drafted rules relating to recycling cathode ray tubes.

A. Toxic Substance Control Agency

B. Clear Air Act

C. Clean Water Act

D. Environmental Protection Agency

  1. Forest fires that are started by an act of nature are allowed to continue to burn so long as the fire does not threaten human life and:

A. personal property.

B. ecological balance.

C. public property.

D. animal life.

  1. Sulfur emissions, created primarily by manufacturing plants located in the central portion of the United States, cause pollutants to be discharged into the atmosphere and result in (the) so-called:

A. superfund.

B. pollution.

C. greenhouse effect.

D. acid rain.

  1. Many scientists believe that the increased burning of fossil fuels has loaded the atmosphere with heat-trapping carbon dioxide creating global warming, a condition known as (the):

A. pollution.

B. superfund.

C. greenhouse effect.

D. acid rain.

  1. Deforestation alters the distribution and circulation of water, which in turn can lead to all of the following situations, EXCEPT:

A. drought.

B. avalanche.

C. flooding.

D. soil erosion.

  1. There has been a growing recognition that economic interests are causing the gradual destruction of the rain forests found in:

A. wastelands.

B. cold climates.

C. tropical climates.

D. hot climates.

  1. It is now recognized that the release of ____ into the air has created damage to the ozone layer in the atmosphere.

A. carbon monoxide

B. chlorofluorocarbons

C. sulfuriticarbons

D. carbon dioxide

  1. A hole in the ozone layer is most manifest over the South Pole and is causing concern over its potential impact on:

A. forest.

B. horticulture.

C. earth.

D. human health.

  1. The Environmental Protection Agency is charged with the responsibility of selecting appropriate sites and types of waste that may be discarded into the oceans by:

A. U.S. organizations.

B. international organizations.

C. European Union.

D. United Nations.

  1. Environmentalists have recently turned their attention to the increased amount of "space junk" that is:

A. polluting the earth.

B. depleting the ozone layer.

C. falling on the earth.

D. orbiting the planet.

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